There are over 120 individual processes involved in designing and making a shoe. Each step requires specific know-how in order to bring to life the often highly conceptual designs.

The reservoir of knowledge, skills and "hand" built up over generations in our own factory in Bologna, Italy, high in the Italian Apennine hills ensures that techniques are nurtured and handed down.

Gold leafing and lacquering are specialist techniques that require an exceptional level of proficiency and uncompromising patience; every step is carried out painstakingly by hand with a single operation frequently mobilising the craftsmen for over 10 hours. Only an expert artisan can achieve the correct hue, optimal leaf veins and the desired sheen of lacquer with consistency, each finish is unique, rendering every R. Sanderson creation an object of art that is emblematic of ultimate discreet luxury.